Wednesday, March 2, 2011

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis or brittle bone disease is one disease that afflicts bone due to reduced bone mass and density. As a result of osteoporosis are the bones become brittle and break easily due to reduced bone density. Bone itself is one important part of our body. Bone is the framework that supports our body so we can move. Can imagine if this body of supporting frail, brittle and easily broken, the result is pain in the bones, the disturbance to move even cause paralysis and permanent disability. Here are some suggestions that you can apply for brittle bone disease did not experience this.

Osteoporosis, National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States recommended daily calcium intake of 1,000 milligrams per day for men aged 19-70 years, and 1,200 milligrams per day for men aged over 70 years. For vitamin D, recommended more than 600 "international units" (IU) per day in adults up to age 70 years and 800 IU for those aged over 70 years.

Calcium is a mineral that most numerous in the human body. Approximately 99 percent of the calcium present in hard tissues of bones and teeth. As many as one per cent calcium present in blood, and soft tissue. Without as much as one percent of this calcium, muscle contraction impaired, the blood will be difficult to freeze, and impaired nerve transmission.

To meet the needs of one per cent calcium, the body took it from the food you eat or from the bone. If the food you eat can not meet demand, the body will take it from the bone, so if this happens in a long time, will experience thinning bones.

Calcium can be obtained from foods such as milk and foods made from milk, cheese and foods made from cheese, yogurt, fish, Sardines and other fish eaten with bones, dark green vegetables like spinach and kale, cereals, orange juice, soy beans and foods made from soy, as well as breads and foods derived from grains.

Lack of calcium can cause health problems such as muscle pain, bone loss / osteoporosis, decreased immune system, memory is reduced, and heart problems. Meanwhile, vitamin D can actually be produced by the body after the skin absorbs sunlight. Vitamin D can also be obtained by eating some foods and beverages such as milk, cereal, eggs, and fish oil.

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a number of diseases such as multiple sclerosis and some types of cancer, although no data is sufficient to mention vitamin D may help treat or prevent disease. Calcium and vitamin D also can be obtained by taking supplements, but a number of Australian researchers found that taking supplements of vitamin D and calcium did not prevent bone loss.

Robin M. Daly of the University of Melbourne, Australia, and colleagues studied a number of men perusia 59 to 70 who were randomly assigned to undergo an exercise program, drink milk fortified with calcium and vitamin D, do both, or not do both at once.

They measured the bone density of men before and after the study that lasted 18 months. At the end of the study, men who exercise have higher bone density than those who eat a diet with 1,000 milligrams of calcium supplement and 800 IU vitamin D per day.

Adding a supplement in the sports program did not provide additional benefits, which implies that the men had been getting enough vitamin D and calcium in their diet, and they increase bone strength only with sports. To build bone density, needed sports like running or lifting weights.

In studies using animals, vitamin D deficiency is associated with a number of diseases such as multiple sclerosis and some types of cancer. However, no data is sufficient to mention vitamin D may help treat or prevent the disease, said Zaidi.

According to the American College of Physicians, more than 40 million people in the U.S. have osteoporosis, which is more experienced older women, but about seven percent of white men and five percent of black men experience it.

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