Sunday, March 27, 2011

Dyspepsia (indigestion)

Dyspepsia (Indigestion), Definition of dyspepsia
Dyspepsia (or, as is often referred by doctors, non-ulcer dyspepsia or dyspepsia not fester) is one of the diseases (mild), the most common of the intestines, affecting an estimated 20% of the people in America.

Dyspepsia (indigestion), Maybe only 10% of those affected actually seek medical attention for their dyspepsia. Dyspepsia is not a term that is too good for minor ailments because it implies that there is "dyspepsia" or abnormal food digestion, and this probably is not the case. Indeed, another common name for indigestion is dyspepsia (indigestion), which, for the same reasons, is no better than the term dyspepsia!

Dyspepsia is best described as a functional disease. Sometimes he is called functional dyspepsia. The concept of functional disease is particularly useful when discussing diseases of the digestive system. The concept applies to the muscular organs of the digestive tract - the esophagus (the esophagus), stomach, small intestine, gallbladder, and colon (large intestine). What is meant by the term, functional, is that one of both of the muscles of the organs or the nerves that control the organs are not working normally, and, as a result, the organs are not functioning normally. The nerves that control the organs include not only the nerves that are located within the muscles of the organs but also the nerves of the spinal cord (spinal cord) and brain.

Some diseases of the digestive tract can be seen and diagnosed with the naked eye, such as ulcers (ulcers) of the stomach. So, ulcers can be seen when the operation, the x-rays, and in endoscopy-endoscopy. Other diseases can not be seen with the naked eye, but can be seen and diagnosed under the microscope. For example, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach) were diagnosed with microscopic examination of biopsies from the gastric-biosi. In contrast, functional diseases of gastrointestinal (GI) can not be seen with the naked eye or by microscope. In some instances, abnormal function can be shown by tests (eg, gastric emptying studies or studies of antro-duodenal motility). However, these tests often are complex, and not widely available, and not be trusted to detect functional abnormalities. In accordance with it, and basically, functional gastrointestinal diseases is that involving the abnormal function of the digestive organs in which abnormalities can not be seen in the organs with the naked eye or microscope.

Occasionally, diseases that are thought to be ultimately found to be associated with functional abnormalities which can be seen. Later, the disease out of the functional categories. An example of this is an infection of Helicobacter pylori from the stomach. Some patients with symptoms of mild upper gastrointestinal who are estimated to have abnormal function of the stomach or intestine has been found to have gastric-stomach infected with Helicobacter pylori. This infection can be diagnosed under a microscope to identify bacteria. When patients are treated with antibiotics, Helicobacter and symptoms disappear. Thus, recognition of infection with Helicobacter pylori-infection has issued several patients with diseases of the functional categories.

The distinction between functional disease and non-functional disease may actually be blurry. Thus, even functional diseases have biochemical abnormalities or related molecules that eventually will be able to be measured. For example, functional diseases of the stomach and small intestine may be shown ultimately related to the levels of normal chemicals that increase or decrease in the digestive organs, spinal cord, or brain. Should a disease which demonstrated a reduction or an increase caused by chemicals still considered a functional disease? I do not think so. In this theoretical situation, we can not see the abnormality with the naked eye or a microscope, but we can measure it. If we can measure or related disorders that cause, the disease probably should no longer be considered as functional.

Although there are shortcomings of the term, functional, the concept of functional abnormalities is beneficial to the approach of many symptoms that come from the digestive organs of the muscular system. To repeat, this concept applies to the symptoms of which there are no associated abnormalities that can be seen with the naked eye or microscope.

When dyspepsia is a major functional disease, it is important to mention some other functional diseases. The second major functional disease is irritable bowel syndrome (irritable bowel syndrome or IBS). The symptoms of IBS are thought to originate mainly from the small intestine and colon (large intestine). The symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain accompanied with a change-change in bowel movements (defecation), primarily constipation or diarrhea. Indeed, dyspepsia and IBS may be the diseases that overlap because up to half of patients with IBS also have symptoms of dyspepsia. A third functional abnormalities that are clearly non-cardiac chest pain. This pain may mimic chest pain (angina), but he was not associated with heart disease. Indeed, non-cardiac chest pain is estimated to result from functional abnormalities of the esophagus (the esophagus).

Functional disorders of the digestive system is often categorized by the organ involved. So, there are functional disorders of the esophagus (the esophagus), stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), and gallbladder. The amount of research has been done with fungsonal abnormalities is greatest in the esophagus (the esophagus) and stomach (for example, non-cardiac chest pain, dyspepsia), perhaps because these organs are more easily achieved and learned. Research into functional disorders affecting the small intestine and colon (IBS) is more difficult to enforce and there is less agreement among research studies. This is probably a reflection of the complexity (complexity) of the activities of the small intestine and colon and the difficulty in studying these activities. Functional diseases of the gallbladder (referred to as biliary dyskinesia), such as that of the small intestine and large intestine (colon), also is difficult to learn and now they are more or less well defined. Each of the functional disorders associated with collection (set) its own characteristic symptoms.

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