Monday, February 28, 2011

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), Amid the proliferation of fast food that contain lots of fat and lifestyle changes part of the city, then the disease the disease as the impact of lifestyle changes that will be popping up more and more. One such disease is Hypertension or High Blood Pressure.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), Perhaps many of us who do not know what is meant by Hypertension, Hypertension outline can be defined as a disease commonly arise in the community which is a persistent increase of arterial pressure, ie diastolic pressure above 95 mmHg. Normal blood pressure is systolic pressure usually does not exceed 140 mmHg and diastolic pressures did not exceed 90 mmHg. But the benchmark normal blood pressure is individualistic.

Cause
As many as 90% of cases the cause is unknown. But it may also be secondary due to heart disease / kidney, diabetes, or tumors of the adrenal gland, drugs, or pregnancy.

Risk Factors
Smoking / drinking alcohol, eating lots of salt and fat, lack of exercise, obesity, and stress.

Symptoms and Signs
There are usually no symptoms until complications arise.

Complication
Stroke
Heart failure
Kidney damage.

Prevention
After 30 years of age, blood pressure check every year.
Do not smoke / drink alcohol
Reduce weight if excessive
Perform aerobic exercise
Learn the ways to control stress.

Management

Management of patients with hypertension are:
Treatment without drugs, among other things: a diet low in salt / cholesterol / saturated fat, emotional stress relief, stop smoking / alcohol, and light and regular physical exercise.
Antihypertensive drugs. There are many types of antihypertensive drugs currently available. For the selection of the right drugs are expected to contact a doctor.

With regular treatment and control, and avoiding risk factor for hypertension, the mortality from this disease can be suppressed.
Amid the proliferation of fast food that contain lots of fat and lifestyle changes part of the city, then the disease the disease as the impact of lifestyle changes that will be popping up more and more. One such disease is Hypertension or High Blood Pressure.

Perhaps many of us who do not know what is meant by Hypertension, Hypertension outline can be defined as a disease commonly arise in the community which is a persistent increase of arterial pressure, ie diastolic pressure above 95 mmHg. Normal blood pressure is systolic pressure usually does not exceed 140 mmHg and diastolic pressures did not exceed 90 mmHg. But the benchmark normal blood pressure is individualistic.

Cause
As many as 90% of cases the cause is unknown. But it may also be secondary due to heart disease / kidney, diabetes, or tumors of the adrenal gland, drugs, or pregnancy.

Risk Factors
Smoking / drinking alcohol, eating lots of salt and fat, lack of exercise, obesity, and stress.

Symptoms and Signs
There are usually no symptoms until complications arise.

Complication
Stroke
Heart failure
Kidney damage.

Prevention
After 30 years of age, blood pressure check every year.
Do not smoke / drink alcohol
Reduce weight if excessive
Perform aerobic exercise
Learn the ways to control stress.

Management

Management of patients with hypertension are:
Treatment without drugs, among other things: a diet low in salt / cholesterol / saturated fat, emotional stress relief, stop smoking / alcohol, and light and regular physical exercise.
Antihypertensive drugs. There are many types of antihypertensive drugs currently available. For the selection of the right drugs are expected to contact a doctor.

With regular treatment and control, and avoiding risk factor for hypertension, the mortality from this disease can be suppressed.

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