Friday, March 25, 2011

Vaccines for Immunization of Infants, Vaccination or immunization is more often referred to is the provision of a vaccine into a person's body to provide immunity against certain diseases. In 1977, WHO began a program of immunization in Indonesia called Development Program Immunization (PPI). Actually, many kinds of immunizations endorsed by the government, but only five types of immunizations required for children under five, namely:

1. BCG vaccine (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin)
Form of tuberculosis bacterium that has been attenuated bacillus that is used to prevent tuberculosis (TB). BCG vaccine proved 80% effective in preventing tuberculosis for 15 years, but the effect depends on geographical circumstances. BCG immunization is only done once, ie when infants aged 0-11 months.

2. vaccine DPT / DTP
Is a mixture of three vaccines given to provide immunity to the body against diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus. The vaccine is given three times in infants aged 2-11 months with a range of time between giving a minimum of four weeks. Then given again at the age of 18 months and 5 years.

3. polio vaccine
Made from inactivated poliovirus. Usually given to children with meneteskannya into the mouth to prevent the transmission of polio virus from the environment. Immunization was first done after the baby is born, followed at 2, 4, 6, and 18 months. The latter, given polio vaccine at the age of 4 to 6 years. Polio vaccine can be combined with the DPT vaccine.

4. measles vaccine
Measles attack only once in a lifetime. Immunization was done once in infants aged 9-11 months with an injection in the upper arm.

5. Hepatitis B vaccine
Because hepatitis B is the most dangerous type of hepatitis and can cause death, this vaccine is very important to be given as a precaution, since until now has not found drugs to treat people who have been infected. An attenuated form of the virus and is usually given shortly after birth.

Vaccines for Immunization of Infants, Immunizations are very important in infants because at that age they are still highly vulnerable to disease. Therefore, parents should pay more attention to their children's immunization schedule.


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