Thursday, April 28, 2011

Difficulty Urinating or Disease Kidney stones

Difficulty Urinating or Disease Kidney stones, Healing depends on the level or greater than the kidney stone. Previously must be ensured that the pain is a sign of kidney stones. Symptoms of Urinary difficulty is not just a symptom of kidney stones. Urinary tract stones in kidney, ureter, urethra and bladder. In adult males (toward the elderly), difficulty urinating may also be a sign of a narrowing of the prostate gland.

Difficulty Urinating or Disease Kidney stones, Urinary tract stones can be prevented by drinking a lot, reducing the sitting or sleeping in positions that do not change in a long time, do not hold urine for long periods and to reduce consumption of foods that lead to stone.

First urinary tract stones can be treated only by surgery, but now it's a lot of herbal remedies / alternative that could disintegrate the stones.

Back pain occurs when a stone that had obstruction in the kidney. Meanwhile, severe pain in the abdomen occurs when the stone has moved into the ureter. Nausea and vomiting are always followed severe pain. Patients with kidney stones are sometimes also experience fever, chills, blood in the urine when the stones injuring the ureter, abdominal distention, pus in the urine.

IN medical terms, kidney stones or renal calculi Nephrolithiasis called. Kidney stones are a condition of one or more stones in the pelvis or calyces of the kidney or ureter in the channel. Kidney stone formation can occur in any part of the urinary tract, but usually formed in two parts of most of the kidney, namely in the bowl of kidney (renal pelvis) and the renal calix. Stone can be formed from calcium, phosphate, or a combination of uric acid is usually dissolved in the urine.

Kidney stones vary in size, can be either single or double. The stones stay in kidney bowl or to enter into the ureters and can damage the kidney tissue. Large stone will damage the tissue by pressure or causing obstruction, resulting in a return flow of fluid. Most kidney stones can occur repeatedly.

What is the cause? Kidney stones are found in 1 in 1,000 people, usually more prevalent in men (aged 30-50 years) than women. Also encountered in certain regions. Although it is certainly not known to cause kidney stones, chances are if the urine becomes too concentrated and substances in urine form crystals in the stone. Other causes are infection, obstruction, excess secretion of parathyroid hormone, in renal tubular acidosis, elevated levels of uric acid (usually in conjunction with inflammation of the joints), damage to the metabolism of several types of materials in the body, too much use of vitamin D or consuming too much calcium .

Symptoms
Although stone size and location vary, the pain caused by obsruksi are the main symptoms. Large stone with a rough surface that comes into the ureter will increase the frequency and force of contraction ureter automatically. The pain starts from the waist down toward the hips, then to the external genitalia. Fluctuating pain intensity and pain is the culmination of tremendous pain. If kidney stones are in tubs and in the calix, the pain settled and less intensity. Back pain occurs when a stone that had obstruction in the kidney. Meanwhile, severe pain in the abdomen occurs when the stone has moved into the ureter. Nausea and vomiting are always followed severe pain. Patients with kidney stones are sometimes also experience fever, chills, blood in the urine when the stones injuring the ureter, abdominal distention, pus in the urine.

How is the diagnosis? The doctor will ask the symptoms experienced, and then perform the following tests:
1.Foto X-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder to indicate a kidney stone.
2.Ultrasound kidney, is a noninvasive test that uses high frequency waves to detect obstructions and changes.
3.Pemberian intravenous dye and scan to confirm diagnosis and determine the size and location of kidney stones.
4.Analisis stone to determine mineral content.
5.Analisis urine culture to show the type of bacteria that cause infections, and others.

Preventing and treating
How is it treated? Because 90% of kidney stones less than 5 mm in diameter, usually given enough cooking water from the plant Desmodium stryracifulium and given to drink 6-8 glasses of water per day, given antibiotics to prevent infection, and pain-reducing medication. In general, the stone will come out within 5-10 days.

If the stone is too large to pass naturally, surgery can be done. When the stone was in the ureter, Cystoscopy can be used through the urethra and the stone was manipulated with catheters. Expenditures stones from other regions (on calix and pelvis) require surgery from the side or lower abdomen. Procedure called percutaneus ultrasonic lithotripsy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy to break up kidney stones into small fragments, which can be released naturally or by suction.

For the prevention of kidney stones should drink boiled water plants often Desmodium stryracifolium, or advisable to eat less calcium, was given medication to prevent uric acid stone formation, and vitamin C which give the acidity of the urine. If the parathyroid glands also include the cause, the doctor will recommend action paratiroidektomi (parathyroid glands removed).

Prognosis: Kidney stones often cause severe pain symptoms, but usually once removed does not cause permanent damage. It often happens recurrence, particularly when no cause is found and treated.

Complications:
1. Buoyed by kidney stones.
2. Urinary tract infection.
3. Blockage of the ureter.
4. Partial damage of kidney tissue.
5. The decrease or loss of kidney function is affected.

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