Saturday, October 8, 2011

Psychological impact of HIV AIDS

Psychological impact of HIV AIDS, AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is a syndrome with symptoms of opportunistic infections or certain cancers as a result of the immune system by HIV infection (Human Immunodeficiecy syndrome) which eventually will bring death in the end.

Psychological impact of HIV AIDS, In general, people do not know enough about the understanding of HIV / AIDS. Knowledge of the various factors that cause the disease of HIV / AIDS for example, people are generally less well know in detail. The public only knew the cause of the disease of HIV / AIDS, which originated from an aberrant sexual behavior.

Vocabulary or terms that people used to refer to sexual behavior is "like snack", "got saved", and sesame relationship types. Meanwhile there is also a mneyebut derived from the syringe (which is contaminated with HIV virus), and the other contracting calls from mothers who are pregnant. Theoretically there are many groups at risk for HIV / AIDS as people who work in places of entertainment, hotels, karaoke, people who often travel far, and so be among the living in localization.

Approximately 75-90% of AIDS patients had brain pathology with various neuropsychiatric syndrome, in 10% of patients with HIV infection, neuropsychiatric complications are the main symptoms. In patients with HIV infection and AIDS can be found classic psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety, psychosis and others. In addition there are also the psychosocial impact can be found in patients with HIV / AIDS.

When a person is notified that testing HIV-positive, they were confronted on the fact that they were dealing with a terminal condition. This fact will bring up feelings of shock, denial, disbelief, depression, loneliness, a sense of hopelessness, sadness, anger, and fear. This can lead to anxiety and depression.

During the early years in which the symptoms have not appeared, the stress will be reduced. However, with the passage of time in which the immune function decline and start there were signs associated with HIV such as skin rashes, weight loss, shortness of breath, and so forth, anxiety and depression can arise again. Probably accompanied the idea of ​​suicide, sleep disturbances, and so on.

Patients with HIV / AIDS have special needs that need to be considered by setting goals of therapy as follows:

Help patients maintain control of his life and help them find a healthy defense mechanism, including the always positive attitude in facing so many challenges and stress in the course of their illness.

Help patients confront feelings of guilt, denial, panic, and despair.

Working with patients to create a feeling of self-respect (self respect) and resolve their conflicts, if any (eg homosexuality, drug use, and so on).

Help them communicate with family, spouse and friends about their illness and the fear of rejection and abandonment. Also help them build a satisfying interpersonal relationships.

Help them build a strategy for dealing with real crises that may occur, both in health and socioeconomic, and things in life.

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