Saturday, July 30, 2011

Influenza

Influenza is a contagious disease go, attack the respiratory tract, and often a plague acquired from inhaling the influenza virus.

Cause
Influenza virus type A, B, and C

Risk Factors
Anyone can, especially if it occurs within a community (offices, dormitories, schools). This could occur because of the spread of the virus through the liquid that comes out when the patient sneezes, speaks, etc.. Moreover, if we are with the patient in an air-conditioned room (closed) and do not receive sunlight.

However, there is a group of people called high risk, namely those who suffer:
* Chronic lung disease, such as asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronkiektasi, tuberculosis, or cystic fibrosis
* Heart disease
* Chronic kidney disease
* Diabetes or other chronic metabolic disorders
* Severe anemia
* Had the disease or are undergoing therapy to suppress the immune
* More than 50 years old

Pathophysiology
Flu viruses attack the cells of the airway surface. Tissue becomes swollen and inflamed. Yet despite this damaged tissue will heal in a few weeks.

Symptoms and Signs
Although influenza is often called a respiratory disease, but this disease can give effect to the entire body. The patient suddenly became a fever, tiredness, lethargy, loss of appetite, and headaches, back of hands and feet. Also suffering from a sore throat and dry cough, nausea and burning eyes. Heat can increase up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit, but will decline after 2 to 3 days.

Airway symptoms alone can be a runny nose and cough.

Complication
For children and adults, influenza is a disease that can heal itself within a week. But for people who are not healthy or decrease its durability, influenza can be fatal.

The signs mentioned above can be very severe, and may be complications such as pneumonia, sinusitis, and inflammation in the ear. Most complications are bacterial infection because the immune system is lowered to fight germs that enter.

Prevention
Influenza can be prevented by taking care of your body to stay fit and stay away from people with flu. Besides, we can use the flu vaccine. Own flu vaccine should be used every year in connection with the frequency of influenza virus replication.

Management
For complicated influenza who have not, please rest enough at home so as not to become worse. It may take about 2 days after the fever passed.

Can use the-counter cold medicines. If the flu is uncomplicated by bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics.

0 comments:

Post a Comment